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Maturational delay is a type of diagnosis that is made at a very young age. It is done because in children between the ages of 2 and 6 it is difficult to rule out or confirm other diagnoses. On our site we tell you how to know if your child has a maturational delay and what to do.
In children who suffer from maturational delay, the following can be observed:
- That said delay affects different areas of development such as: the social, the cognitive, the motor, the affective, ... There must be several affected areas, two or three, at least. If there is only one affected area, we would rather speak of a delay in that area. For example, if only motor skills were affected, we would speak of motor delay ...
- Many times associated with low self-esteem and lack of motivation, as they perceive their abilities as inferior compared to others.
- The maturational delay is usually accompanied by learning difficulties.
Furthermore, the maturational delay is considered a chronological delay. When it occurs, a certain delay in development is observed although the child continues to evolve. That is, the acquisition of development milestones occur, but with a delay in time.
For this reason, the maturational delay should not be considered a serious problem, since with adequate stimulation and the passage of time, the rhythm of development in the child's maturation usually normalizes.
The causes that can generate the maturational delay can be:
- Prenatal in nature such as genetic, infectious, hormonal causes, etc.
- Perinata characterl. Sometimes there are circumstances that occur around the pregnancy or delivery that cause the child to be born prematurely or with low weight.
- Post-natal such as trauma.
These three types of causes can be interrelated with the experiences that the child lives with what the environment offers:
- Lack of stimulation. The maturational delay may be associated with poor stimulation. For example, a child may have motor retardation because he does not have opportunities to play, climb, descend, jump, etc.
- Inadequate parenting. Habits such as toilet training or habits of autonomy such as eating or dressing are delayed due to passive or overprotective attitudes in parenting.
Maturation delay can also occur due to an unknown cause. There are cases of slower maturation in children that occur for reasons that cannot be explained.
Some tips for dealing with delayed maturation are:
- When it is believed that something related to development areas is not going quite right, it is important to see a specialist. It is important to take into account the opinion of adults who are part of the child's environment such as teachers, who can know first-hand the evolution of the child's development.
- Once a positive diagnosis is made, give the child a adequate stimulation. The stimulation must be given in the affected areas and affecting the problem. It is even better to perform the appropriate stimulation for each area even before any delay is evident.
- The use of activities to work on maturational delay such as: finding the exit from the maze, dressing the character, looking for the identical figure, or matching tiles according to the theme that help stimulate the affected areas.
- Make a periodic review to see the progress of the child.
You can read more articles similar to Maturational delay in children, in the category of Conduct on site.