5 curiosities about the eyes of babies

5 curiosities about the eyes of babies

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The newborn baby is not able to perceive colors, objects or even see his parents with total clarity. Vision goes through several phases until it reaches 100% of its capacity. In fact, it is the least developed sense at birth.

Their visual acuity is limited, also the shades of colors they perceive or the ability to focus. These are aSome curiosities about the eyes of babies.

1. Babies cannot see far.

Newborn babies have only 5% of the vision capacity of adults, therefore, they see blurry everything that is more than 30 centimeters away. Interestingly, it is usually the distance between the baby's eyes and the mother's during breastfeeding. Likewise, they cannot focus on the same point with both eyes at the same time until 4-5 months. Therefore, it should not surprise you if you ever see your baby squinting. From 6 months, they already begin to focus with both eyes and you can take them to their first eye exam. This will help you understand how your vision is evolving and spot any visual problems that can begin to be corrected. Some signs of vision problems include: moving your eyes from side to side when you are tired, tilting your head to see objects or bringing them close to your eyes.

2. Babies see neither gray nor black and white.

Babies are able to see colors but do not identify them correctly. For years it has been believed that babies saw in shades of gray, but recent studies reveal that they can identify contrasting colors such as black and white. As the months go by, their eyes begin to focus more and they expand the range of colors that they are able to differentiate. Between the month and two months, they should already be able to distinguish primary colors such as red or yellow and, at 5-6 months, they will begin to differentiate the different ranges of a certain color.

3. Babies don't recognize us until 7 months.

With 7-8 months the baby's vision is already clear enough to recognize people beyond their smell or voice. At that stage your baby will begin to show interest in objects, even small ones, as well as images or drawings. You will also start moving your eyes more agilely, without having to move your head, and you are more aware of the different parts of your body. It is not surprising that they look closely at their feet and hands.

4. Up to 10 months your eyes will not acquire their final color.

Melanin is the pigment that determines the color of your eyes, skin and hair. When we are born, melanin levels are usually lower, therefore, many babies at birth have a light color of eyes. Normally, the greatest color change occurs between 6 and 9 months, with the eyes tending to darken. This change is usually so gradual that sometimes you hardly notice a difference. Between 10 and 12 months of age, most children already have their final eye color. But, some experts indicate that eye color can continue to vary, even up to 6 years. This, however, is not very common. It is advisable to consult your pediatrician if you see that your baby has one eye of each color, such as blue and brown. This may be related to rare genetic conditions like Waardenburg Syndrome.

5. Up to 12 years of age, children do not acquire full vision.

Although our vision does not stop evolving, the baby's vision begins to be as clear as that of an adult with one year, being able to identify objects and people at a considerable distance. In addition to being able to keep your eyes fixed on an object for a longer time, you will also easily recognize your favorite characters or pictures. At this stage, it is especially important to watch for signs of a possible eye problem such as tearing, asymmetries, or nervous movement of the eyes. If any of these symptoms are detected, or if you have a medical history of visual problems at home, it is recommended to visit the optician regularly to examine your baby's vision.

Brendan O'Brien, Vision Direct optometrist

You can read more articles similar to 5 curiosities about the eyes of babies, in the category of Vision on site.

Video: 16 Weird Newborn Baby Facts (February 2023).