How to help children manage their emotions well

How to help children manage their emotions well

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For many years we have heard of emotional intelligence as a success factor in personal development. In some nursery schools, a lot of time is currently devoted to developing a harmonious growth of emotions, teaching children to manage them well since it is emotions that motivate and move our actions.

In the first place, it should be said that good management of emotions is learned in the family. How dads face different moments in life - happy or sad - their sons and daughters will respond in the same way. But in addition, emotional intelligence is also improved through education. We explain how to help children manage their emotions well.

We must remember that each child starts from a different base and this means that emotional learning is not the same for everyone. But in the Early Childhood Education stage, children are quite easy to enter the world of feelings, since they are more connected to the emotional world and it is less difficult for them to observe themselves.

The school supposes for all, children and family, an accumulation of new experiences before which new emotions arise. These are the strategies for the development of Emotional Intelligence in kindergarten, good ideas to help children manage their emotions well:

1. Make each child's arrival at school a festive moment in which parents, educators and children feel happy and welcomed. There can be no rush at such times. Show confidence to the child. Educators and parents must be a positive example for children and live schooling, the delivery of the child to his tutor, as a happy moment.

2. Mark some limits to the child, few but that affect the routines and habits necessary for growth such as: bedtime; time to play; the time to order; time to eat.

3. Exercises of emotional awareness such as knowing how to identify emotions with the help of a mirror in which we look at each other and reproduce faces reflecting different moods: joy, anger, fear, sadness, surpriseā€¦). We do this every day at school but we can also do it at home.

4. Know how to turn negative emotions into positive ones. Sometimes a smile or a tickle is enough to "unravel" a situation and learn to laugh at yourself. Having a negative emotion doesn't have to be a bad thing. We learn from mistakes, not from successes. Acknowledging a mistake is very good.

5. Promote social skills through teamwork both in the family and at home. Distribute tasks, respect the speaking turn ... We advise that, as far as possible, you have dinners or family meals in which the little ones have their turn to speak without therefore being the only focus of attention.

6. Respecting the child's routines give him emotional serenity: We can go to a museum, to a concert, but always thinking in a short space of time and focusing on one or two works. When this is not done, it is when children start crying and parents or adults get nervous, further complicating the situation.

7. Psychomotor practice allows children to feel more free, to express moods with movement, facilitating self-knowledge.

8. Avoid overprotection, for example pretending that our children never cry. Crying is a natural way of expression for children. We adults will learn the reasons for their crying and when they respond to primary needs or to the first expressions of whim. There is debate about an increasingly widespread reality: that of "hyperprotective parents" and that of "hyperprotected children". It is a very current issue on which the educational community has a lot to say.

Managing one's own emotions is a natural process that develops throughout life although it is known that the first years of life are crucial and that family and school must "go to one" to help children in this growth.

Parents, and their reaction to the various challenges posed by their children's growth, They greatly influence the harmonious development of children's emotions. We are all involved in this exciting world of emotions because as I said at the beginning of this article: emotion moves action, so good emotions will lead to good actions that the world is so in need of.

By Margarita Mir. Educational Director of the Nemomarlin Sant Cugat Nursery School (Barcelona).

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