Mononucleosis in children and babies

Mononucleosis in children and babies

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The mononucleosis or kissing diseaseAlso known as "mono" or glandular fever, it is an inflammation of the lymphatic glands and chronic fatigue. It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (the most common) or cytomegalovirus, both members of the herpes simplex virus family.

Theincubation period (without symptoms) usually lasts between 7 and 14 days and usually lasts one to two months. It can affect not only children, such as adolescents and young adults, but it is most common in people between the ages of 15 and 35.

As with almost all diseases, each person can have different symptoms. Mononucleosis usually has symptoms such as: fever, swollen lymph glands in the neck, armpits and groin, constant and persistent fatigue, sore throat due to tonsillitis, loss of appetite due to difficulty swallowing, muscle aches, enlarged spleen, liver discomfort causing yellowing of the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.

When children are infected with the virus, they usually do not notice any symptoms. But once they have had mononucleosis, the virus remains dormant in their throat and blood cells for life, although they are not at risk of developing the disease again. In any case, and in all cases, the doctor should always be consulted.

After observation of the symptoms, an accurate confirmation can only be given by carrying out an analysis to check the presence of the virus in the blood (serology), or with a throat swab to rule out streptococcal tonsillitis (frequently associated).

It is a benign disease that does not require isolation. However, it can be transmitted from one person to another through coughing, sneezing or kissing, which is why some call it the "kissing disease".

Regarding treatment, there is nothing specific against the virus. What is convenient is that there is a bed rest or stay relaxed at home for at least 2 to 3 weeks.

No sports or physical activities or exercises. Rest is essential. It is recommended that you increase the fluid intake to control the fever, and that you do the odd gargle with salt water to relieve the discomfort of the throat. It is essential that you consult the doctor. Only he will be able to diagnose the disease and treat it at his discretion.

The most serious concern of the disease is that spleen it can be enlarged and broken. The spleen is a large gland, and it is located in the upper part of the abdomen on the left side. Its functions are related to blood.

If the virus causes severe pain in this part of the body, or the person feels dizzy and short of breath, see a doctor immediately. Surgery may be needed to remove your spleen. But, we insist, only the doctor will be able to determine the diagnosis.

Patricia García Herrero. Copywriter

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