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The Doman method arises from the studies and research of the American doctor Glenn Doman treating children with brain injuries.
The objective of this method will be to make the most of and develop the child's possibilities to the maximum. On our site we tell you what it consists of the Doman method of teaching children to read.
The basis of Glenn Doman's studies considers that although there are dead neurons due to these injuries, there are still neurons alive and with adequate stimulation at an early age these neurons can learn to establish the necessary connections to perform the functions of those that no longer is it so.
From his research, Doman found that there are valternative arias when teaching children to read. Among all, he could see that the syllabic method was not exactly the most appropriate, and that babies are able to recognize letters and words if they are large enough, and are also able to read before the age of 3.
The younger the child is, the easier it is to learn, especially during the first six months of life where the learning capacity is higher than the one you will have throughout life.
According to the American doctor, children will be able to read words when they are only one year old, sentences when they are two years old, and books when they are three. They not only learn but also enjoy it, favoring the development of their intelligence.
This method is designed so that parents can apply it with their child, adapting it to the characteristics and needs of the child. This method is based on inputs and outputs. That is, the child is presented with appropriate stimuli both in intensity and in frequency and clarity to promote their development and that the child enjoy the process.
These stimuli are called Intelligence Bits and can be processed by any of the sensory pathways: hearing, touch, vision and taste. Bits are grouped into categories to favor the formation of neural connections and must be novel, simple and concrete.
Therefore, This method is basically about showing the child series of cards with words, written in large letters and that correspond to the same category so that the child can establish relationships. Then, little by little, categories are added.
Thus, the categories can be: colors, animals, toys, body vocabulary, family, etc. In addition, learning in this method occurs in different phases:
- First phase: words. In this phase, single words are shown. Organized nouns where five words from a category will be passed on the first day. On the second day, five words from the same category, plus five more words. On the third day, the ten words of the first category and second category will be passed, plus five more words. On the fourth day, the fifteen words of the first, second and third categories will be passed, plus five more words. On the fifth day, the twenty words of the first, second, third, and fourth categories and five more words will be passed. You never have to go over 25 cards per day. Thus, from the fifth day we can replace an old category with a new one. Categories are passed separately and never mixed.
- Second stage: word pairs. In this phase, pairs of words are formed. The words from the first phase will be used again with word pair games such as: green eyes, red apples. Opposite games such as: big - small. Or compound words: orange juice.
- Third phase: simple sentences. Verbs are introduced in the sentence in such a way that now there will be noun + verb + action. For example: dad is sleeping
- Fourth phase: phrases. It is the moment where the articles are included to form complete sentences.
- Fifth phase: stories. It is time to choose the ideal story to read. Between 50 and 10 words and with a single phrase per page. It is not a rigid method, but a flexible one where modifications are allowed. It is about adapting the method always to the needs of each child
You can read more articles similar to Doman method to teach a child to read, in the Reading on site category.