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Sometimes pediatricians may recommend surgery for angina in a child. This is performed by the otolaryngologist, who performs a surgical intervention (tonsillectomy) that refers to the removal of these glands.
We explain what the tonsillitis operation is like and how the postoperative period should be for a correct recovery of the children. Aim all the advice for the postoperative period of angina in children.
If the pediatrician thinks that a child should have an operation for angina, he will refer him to the ENT. He will evaluate the intervention, according to the size of the angina, if they are grade IV, if there is a recurrence of tonsillitis, if the child has difficulty breathing, snoring when sleeping, sleep apnea ...
Before, during and after the operation, the child will have to change feedingBecause the tonsils and adenoids share the same pathway that food enters. Before the operation, the diet will begin to change: the child will need to stop eating and drinking several hours before surgery, as long as the doctor or nurse explicitly details it.
After the operation, which will generally last around 45 - 60 minutes, you will be given pain relievers in liquid form.
In this case we will give some recommendations that parents should follow at home during the tonsillectomy postoperative period:
- Pain: Your child will feel some discomfort after the operation. Your throat is going to hurt. You also likely have an earache, which is caused by a sore throat. About 5 to 6 days after the operation, your sore throat or earache is likely to get worse for a short time. This is normal. You can give your child a pain reliever (pain reliever) prescribed by the doctor.
- Stiff neck: It is also possible that the child has a stiff neck. If this stiffness becomes intolerable, see your doctor or pediatrician.
- Medicines: They may give you a prescription before you leave the hospital. Follow the directions given by the doctor. If you notice any worrisome changes in your child's breathing or sleepiness while taking these medications, stop taking them and check with your doctor.
Here are some recommendations on the diet that your child should take after surgery for angina:
- It is important that your child, even if it hurts, drink large amounts of liquid after the operation, at least 4 glasses of liquid per day during the first days after the operation. You can also consume liquid yogurt.
- Do not let your child drink orange, lemon, grapefruit or other citrus juices for 7 to 10 days. These juices contain acids, and it can be painful to drink. Neither soft drinks or carbonated drinks.
- The temperature of the drinks should not be very cold or hot, rather at room temperature.
2. Ice creams:
- We have always heard that eating ice cream is good for those who have tonsil or adenoid surgery. But, although eating ice cream after tonsil removal feels good (ice cream is soft and cold and somewhat numbs the throat), consuming too much ice cream can lead to excessive mucus production. Mucus can become too viscous, making it difficult to swallow and causing pain. So you can have ice cream, but always be careful with its consumption.
- Water ice creams, such as popsicles or sorbets can be an alternative, which do not produce as much mucus as ice cream and produce a pleasant sensation that, although it does not cure, is immediate.
- Once your child can drink fluids without vomiting, they can eat soft foods such as noodles, eggs, soups, compotes and yogurt. When you can eat soft foods comfortably, you can start eating in the usual way.
- You will not be able to eat hard foods, such as toast or pizza dough, for at least 2 weeks after the operation. These foods can scratch your throat and cause pain and bleeding.
- Avoid spicy food since it alters the state of the throat.
Your child may have bad breath during the first days after the operation:
- Your mouth may smell different for 2 weeks after surgery. To avoid this, a rinse with water or gently brushing your teeth may suffice.
- Don't let him gargle the back of his throat.
- Your child may have white patches where the tonsils were. This does not mean that you have an infection.
- To protect her throat, make sure she doesn't cough, speak loudly, or clear her throat too much for 7-10 days.
- Teach your child to sneeze with his mouth open.
As to physical activity that your child can do:
- The child will have to reduce normal activity for about a week after the operation.
- It is not recommended that you play rough or contact sports.
- You can shower and bathe as usual.
- You can go back to school or daycare 1 week or 10 days after the operation.
- It is best not to take long trips or go out of town for at least 2 weeks after the operation.
If your child shows any of the following signs after returning home, you should go back to the doctor to see:
- A fever of 38.5 ° C or higher.
- Vomiting that does not stop.
- Pain that gets worse.
- Refuse to drink.
- You do not urinate within 12 hours of the operation.
- You have fresh blood from your nose or mouth.
- If you bleed or have trouble breathing, don't wait, see your doctor.
It is important that parents always follow the indications of the specialist doctor for a good and speedy recovery of the child, the recovery is progressive.
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