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If your child repeatedly scratches his skin and you see that he has very localized red spots, maybe it's psoriasis. It is not the same as dermatitis, chickenpox, or measles. The spots that come out are like plaques full of scales. It is a chronic disease.
The good news is that children tend to respond very well to treatment and psoriasis can be kept under control.
Psoriasis it is a skin disease. It appears when dermal cells accumulate on the skin surface. It is not a contagious disease, but it is chronic. It may disappear and reappear later. There is no cure, but there are very effective treatments to mitigate the symptoms.
The main symptom of this skin disease is the appearance of red spots, broad plates that have thick, whitish or pearly scales. They cause pain, itching or itching, so it is very annoying for the child. The affected area becomes dry and often has cracks that can bleed.
This disease affects children and adults of both sexes and cases do not usually occur before two years of age. Most breakouts appear after puberty.
Psoriasis can appear anywhere on the body, but it mainly affects the scalp, knees, elbows and torso. If it appears in a conspicuous place, it can psychologically affect the child, who is often ashamed of his physical appearance. Many of the children with psoriasis also have low self-esteem and need constant parental support and even psychological help from a specialist.
There is a strong genetic component. Children of parents with psoriasis have a 50% chance of developing the disease. Nevertheless, the specific causes that cause it are unknown.
It is an autoimmune disease in which T lymphocytes attack healthy skin as if they were trying to heal a wound or fight an infection. Skin cells come to the surface faster and accumulate to form red, scaly patches.
What is known is what factors make a psoriasis outbreak worse. Among them we find:
- The emotional stress.
- The obesity. Psoriasis can accumulate in the folds of the skin and make treatment more difficult.
- An infection, such as pharyngitis, as it activates an immune system response.
- The cold weather. It is proven that the sun, always in a moderate way, benefits the child with psoriasis.
- Skin infectionssuch as sunburn or scratches.
There are many treatments for this disease. It will largely depend on the type of psoriasis your child has. exist topical treatments, corticosteroid creams that are applied directly to the affected area.
There are also special shampoos made with salicylic acid or coal tar. For some cases it is recommended phototherapy (with ultraviolet light) and in extreme cases, oral or injectable medications.
Although it cannot be prevented, there are some factors that help delay the appearance of a new outbreak psoriasis and alleviate symptoms. For example, healthy eating, which includes lots of fruits and vegetables, proper skin hygiene (During the psoriasis outbreak, baths with oils or salts are good) and walks so that the child receives moderate sunlight.
You can read more articles similar to Psoriasis in children. Causes and treatment, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.